Working with Tables in Branch

So far, you have prepared table and file manipulating configurations in production. In this section of our tutorial, you will manipulate the configurations, run them, and learn how tables behave in branches.

Let’s say that you want to make some changes to the previously created configurations to

  • use the top ten values instead of the top five, and
  • convert bitcoin (BTC) to dollars based on the value of bitcoin on the given day.

However, you do not want to modify your current production transformation yet. Perhaps it is a critical transformation in production, perhaps you want to check the results first. In either case, development branches give you the option to test your changes safely before merging them into production.

Create New Branch

To create a new branch, click on your project’s name at the top of the screen. Then click on the green icon New displayed next to your project’s name.

Screenshot - Create Development Branch

Name your new development branch Sample branch, and click Create Development Branch to open it.

Screenshot - Name Development Branch

The new branch will appear right below the name of your production project.

Screenshot - Created Development Branch

Change Transformation

Let’s start with the easier task – changing the transformation so that it returns the top 10 rows instead of the top 5. In your branch, navigate to Transformations. You can see the previously created Bitcoin transformation. It is, however, only a copy living in the branch. You can verify that you are working with the branch copy by checking whether the page header has yellow accent and shows the branch name.

Screenshot - Transformation in branch

When you are in the branch, change the query limit from LIMIT 5 to LIMIT 10 in the transformation code, and save it.

CREATE TABLE "top_prices" AS SELECT * FROM "bitcoin_price" ORDER BY PRICE DESC LIMIT 10;

ALTER TABLE "top_prices" DROP COLUMN "_timestamp";

Screenshot - Change to code

If you want, check that the original transformation did not change. You can do so by switching back to the project in the top menu. The production transformation still contains LIMIT 5. Now that you have verified that a branch transformation can be changed independently without affecting your production transformation, switch back to the branch you created (Sample branch).

Navigate to the transformation and run it. Examine the Mapping section in the job detail.

Mapping in branch

Mapping in branch

Notice how the Input section shows the data loaded from the bitcoin_price table, even though you did not run the data source connector in this branch. When a branch version of a table does not exist, Keboola uses the production version as a fall back.

Also notice that Output shows the small yellow branch icon, and the name of the bucket is prefixed with a number – 1835-bitcoin. When you run a component in a branch and the component wants to write to Storage, the outputs do not overwrite production data. Instead a duplicate bucket prefixed with branch ID is automatically created. Examine the table and check that it indeed has 10 values as it should.

Note: The number in the bucket name will be different for you as you have a different branch ID.

This part of your task is done. Let’s get to the second part.

Download Transactions

The second objective is to produce a list of transactions showing the amount in both BTC and USD. You need to extract the account data first. Use the prepared CSV file with sample transactions.

In the branch, navigate to your existing HTTP connector configuration and add a new table named bitcoin_transactions. Fill in Path with /tutorial/branches/bitcoin_transactions.csv. Save and run the connector.

Extractor for transactions

Extractor for transactions

Examine the job outputs. There are tables with the branch icon in a bucket prefixed with a number. As we’ve already shown, this means that the output was stored in branch context, keeping your production data intact.

Extractor output

If you navigate to Storage Explorer in the branch, you’ll see that the created buckets are shown there with the icon as well.

Branch storage

Also, when you switch back to production and navigate to the Storage Explorer, you’ll see a switch to show the branch buckets.

Storage explorer in production

Storage explorer in production

Note: There is only one Storage in your project. Branch buckets are created with a prefixed name, but are stored along normal buckets and are visible in production as well as in a branch. You can see all buckets from all development branches in production.

Now switch back to the Sample branch. Navigate to the Bitcoin transformation and run it again. Check the input mapping and verify that the bitcoin_prices table from the branch was used as input.

Input mapping from branch data

What happened is that Keboola checked whether a branch version of the bucket existed and since it did (you ran the branch version of the HTTP connector), it was used in the transformation.

Extend Transformation

You’ll be loading the data from the table bitcoin_transactions, so you need to add the table to input mapping.

Input mapping from branch data

Notice the branch icon next to the table name. You’re referring to the branch version of the table. Don’t be alarmed by the UI saying that the table does not exist – it exists only in the branch so far. The UI will be improved in future versions.

Missing table in input mapping

Now add a second code to Block 1 named Dollar values of transactions and insert the following SQL:

Add a new code

CREATE TABLE "dollar_btc_transactions" AS 
    "bitcoin_transactions" AS BT
    "bitcoin_price" AS BP
        ON BP.DATE = BT.DATE;

Add a new code

For the data to make it out of the transformation, you need to add the created dollar_btc_transactions table to output mapping as well.

Output mapping in branch

Changed transformation overview

Run the updated transformation and examine the results.

Changed transformation output

As you can see, this run of the transformation only accessed branch buckets. It loaded the data from the HTTP connector from the branch bucket as input and stored the output in two tables in another branch bucket. You can also examine the data in the tables to see that you indeed created a list of transactions with their dollar amounts.

The second part of your task is done as well. You changed the table-manipulating production configurations in a branch. You verified that the none of the changes affected the original project configurations or the project production data. Next you will run the file-manipulating configuration in a branch and examine how files work there.